Chemwatch Independent Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 29-Jan-2010
CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S.(contains potassium hydroxide sodium hypochlorite)
■ Used according to manufacturer's directions.
Company: Benji Distributors Pty Ltd Address: 17 Grandview Pde Moolap VIC, 3221 Australia Telephone: +61 3 5248 1469 Fax: +61 3 5248 6696
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE. DANGEROUS GOODS. According to NOHSC Criteria, and ADG Code.
|SCALE: Min/Nil=0 Low=1 Moderate=2 High=3 Extreme=4|
|■ Harmful if swallowed.||■ Keep locked up.|
|■ Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.||■ Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray.|
|■ Causes severe burns.||■ Avoid contact with eyes.|
|■ Risk of serious damage to eyes.||■ Wear suitable protective clothing.|
|■ Harmful to aquatic organisms.||■ To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material, use water.|
|■ Cumulative effects may result following exposure*.||■ Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.|
|■ Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect*.||■ In case of accident or if you feel unwell IMMEDIATELY contact Doctor or Poisons Information Centre (show label if possible).|
|■ Possible skin sensitiser*.||■ This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.|
|* (limited evidence).|
· For advice, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor at once.
· Urgent hospital treatment is likely to be needed.
· If swallowed do NOT induce vomiting.
· If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration.
■ If this product comes in contact with the eyes:
· Immediately hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running water.
· Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
· Continue flushing until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre or a doctor, or for at least 15 minutes.
· Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
■ If skin or hair contact occurs:
· Immediately flush body and clothes with large amounts of water, using safety shower if available.
· Quickly remove all contaminated clothing, including footwear.
· Wash skin and hair with running water. Continue flushing with water until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre.
· Transport to hospital, or doctor.
· If fumes or combustion products are inhaled remove from contaminated area.
· Lay patient down. Keep warm and rested.
· Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed, where possible, prior to initiating first aid procedures.
· Apply artificial respiration if not breathing, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve mask device, or pocket mask as trained. Perform CPR if necessary.
■ For acute or short- term repeated exposures to highly alkaline materials: · Respiratory stress is uncommon but present occasionally because of soft tissue edema. · Unless endotracheal intubation can be accomplished under direct vision, cricothyroidotomy or tracheotomy may be necessary. · Oxygen is given as indicated. · The presence of shock suggests perforation and mandates an intravenous line and fluid administration.
· Water spray or fog. · Foam. · Dry chemical powder. · BCF (where regulations permit).
· Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard. · Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus. · Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course. · Use fire fighting procedures suitable for surrounding area.
· Non combustible. · Not considered a significant fire risk, however containers may burn. May emit corrosive fumes.
■ None known.
Gas tight chemical resistant suit.
Limit exposure duration to 1 BA set 30 mins.
· Clean up all spills immediately. · Avoid breathing vapours and contact with skin and eyes. · Control personal contact by using protective equipment. · Contain and absorb spill with sand, earth, inert material or vermiculite.
· Clear area of personnel and move upwind. · Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard. · Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus. · Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.
Personal Protective Equipment advice is contained in Section 8 of the MSDS.
· DO NOT use aluminium, galvanised or tin-plated containers.
· Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.
· Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.
· Use in a well-ventilated area.
· WARNING: To avoid violent reaction, ALWAYS add material to water and NEVER water to material.
· DO NOT allow clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin.
· Lined metal can, lined metal pail/ can.
· Plastic pail.
· Polyliner drum.
· Packing as recommended by manufacturer.
For low viscosity materials
· Drums and jerricans must be of the non-removable head type.
· Where a can is to be used as an inner package, the can must have a screwed enclosure. <</>.
· In presence of moisture, the material is corrosive to aluminium, zinc and tin producing highly flammable hydrogen gas.
· Reacts vigorously with acids.
· Avoid strong acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides and chloroformates.
· Store in original containers.
· Keep containers securely sealed.
· Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.
· Store away from incompatible materials and foodstuff containers.
· DO NOT store near acids, or oxidising agents.
Protect containers against physical damage.
· Check regularly for spills and leaks.
· No smoking, naked lights, heat or ignition sources.
|Source||Material||Peak ppm||Peak mg/m³|
|Australia Exposure Standards||potassium hydroxide (Potassium hydroxide)||2|
|Australia Exposure Standards||sodium hypochlorite (Chlorine)||1||3|
The following materials had no OELs on our records
|• sodium disilicate:||CAS:13870-28-5|
Type B- P Filter of sufficient capacity
· Safety glasses with unperforated side shields may be used where continuous eye protection is desirable, as in laboratories; spectacles are not sufficient where complete eye protection is needed such as when handling bulk- quantities, where there is a danger of splashing, or if the material may be under pressure · Chemical goggles.whenever there is a danger of the material coming in contact with the eyes; goggles must be properly fitted · Full face shield (20 cm, 8 in minimum) may be required for supplementary but never for primary protection of eyes; these afford face protection. · Alternatively a gas mask may replace splash goggles and face shields.
· Elbow length PVC gloves. · When handling corrosive liquids, wear trousers or overalls outside of boots, to avoid spills entering boots.
· Overalls. · PVC Apron. · PVC protective suit may be required if exposure severe. · Eyewash unit. The local concentration of material, quantity and conditions of use determine the type of personal protective equipment required. For further information consult site specific CHEMWATCH data (if available), or your Occupational Health and Safety Advisor.
■ Local exhaust ventilation usually required. If risk of overexposure exists, wear approved respirator.
Highly alkaline liquid; mixes with water.
Mixes with water.
Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.
|State||LIQUID||Molecular Weight||Not Available|
|Melting Range (ºC)||Not Available||Viscosity||Not Available|
|Boiling Range (ºC)||Not Available||Solubility in water (g/L)||Miscible|
|Flash Point (ºC)||Not Applicable||pH (1% solution)||Not Available|
|Decomposition Temp (ºC)||Not Available||pH (as supplied)||13.2|
|Autoignition Temp (ºC)||Not Available||Vapour Pressure (kPa)||Not Available|
|Upper Explosive Limit (%)||Not Available||Specific Gravity (water=1)||1.21|
|Lower Explosive Limit (%)||Not Available||Relative Vapour Density (air=1)||Not Available|
|Volatile Component (%vol)||Not Available||Evaporation Rate||Not Available|
· Presence of incompatible materials.
· Product is considered stable.
· Hazardous polymerisation will not occur.
For incompatible materials - refer to Section 7 - Handling and Storage.
|ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS||CHRONIC HEALTH EFFECTS|
|■ Harmful if swallowed.||■ Possible skin sensitiser*.|
|■ Causes severe burns.||■ Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect*.|
|■ Risk of serious damage to eyes.||■ Cumulative effects may result following exposure*.|
|■ * (limited evidence).|
■ unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances. ■ Not available. Refer to individual constituents. ■ Asthma- like symptoms may continue for months or even years after exposure to the material ceases. This may be due to a non- allergenic condition known as reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS) which can occur following exposure to high levels of highly irritating compound. SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE: POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE: ■ The material may produce moderate eye irritation leading to inflammation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis. POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE:
|Oral (rat) LD50: 273 mg/kg||Skin (human): 50 mg/24h SEVERE|
|Skin (rabbit): 50 mg/24h SEVERE|
|Eye (rabbit):1mg/24h rinse-Moderate|
|Oral (mouse) LD50: 5800 mg/kg||Eye (rabbit): 10 mg - Moderate|
|Oral (woman) TDLo: 1000 mg/kg||Skin (rabbit): 500 mg/24h-Moderate|
|Oral (rat) LD50: 8910 mg/kg||Eye (rabbit): 100 mg - Moderate|
|Oral (rat) LD50: 1153 mg/kg||Skin (human): 250 mg/24h SEVERE|
|Skin (rabbit): 250 mg/24h SEVERE|
Harmful to aquatic organisms. This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
|Ingredient||Persistence: Water/Soil||Persistence: Air||Bioaccumulation||Mobility|
· Recycle wherever possible.
· Consult manufacturer for recycling options or consult local or regional waste management authority for disposal if no suitable treatment or disposal facility can be identified.
· Treat and neutralise at an approved treatment plant.
· Treatment should involve: Neutralisation with suitable dilute acid followed by: burial in a land-fill specifically licenced to accept chemical and / or pharmaceutical wastes or Incineration in a licenced apparatus (after admixture with suitable combustible material).
· Containers may still present a chemical hazard/ danger when empty.
· Return to supplier for reuse/ recycling if possible.
· If container can not be cleaned sufficiently well to ensure that residuals do not remain or if the container cannot be used to store the same product, then puncture containers, to prevent re-use, and bury at an authorised landfill.
· Where possible retain label warnings and MSDS and observe all notices pertaining to the product.
Labels Required: CORROSIVE
|Class or division:||8||Subsidiary risk:||None|
|UN No.:||1760||UN packing group:||II|
|Special provisions:||274||Packing Instructions:||None|
|Limited quantities:||1 L||Portable tanks and bulk containers - Instructions:||T11|
|Portable tanks and bulk containers - Special provisions:||TP2; TP27||Packagings and IBCs - Packing instruction:||P001; IBC02|
|Packagings and IBCs - Special packing provisions:||None|
|Class or division:||8||Subsidiary risk:||None|
|UN No.:||1760||UN packing group:||II|
|ICAO/IATA Class:||8||ICAO/IATA Subrisk:||None|
|UN/ID Number:||1760||Packing Group:||II|
|IMDG Class:||8||IMDG Subrisk:||None|
|UN Number:||1760||Packing Group:||II|
|EMS Number:||F-A , S-B||Special provisions:||274|
|Limited Quantities:||1 L|
POISONS SCHEDULE S5
Regulations for ingredients
"Australia Exposure Standards","Australia Hazardous Substances","Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)","Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)","Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (SUSDP) - Appendix E (Part 2)","Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (SUSDP) - Appendix F (Part 3)","Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (SUSDP) - Schedule 5","Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (SUSDP) - Schedule 6","CODEX General Standard for Food Additives (GSFA) - Additives Permitted for Use in Food in General, Unless Otherwise Specified, in Accordance with GMP","GESAMP/EHS Composite List - GESAMP Hazard Profiles","IMO IBC Code Chapter 17: Summary of minimum requirements","International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List","OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals"
"Australia Hazardous Substances","Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)","Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)","GESAMP/EHS Composite List - GESAMP Hazard Profiles","IMO IBC Code Chapter 17: Summary of minimum requirements","International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List","OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals"
"Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)","OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals"
|sodium hypochlorite||7681-52-9, 10022-70-5|
17 Grandview Parade
■ Classification of the preparation and its individual components has drawn on official and authoritative sources as well as independent review by the Chemwatch Classification committee using available literature references.
A list of reference resources used to assist the committee may be found at:
■ The (M)SDS is a Hazard Communication tool and should be used to assist in the Risk Assessment. Many factors determine whether the reported Hazards are Risks in the workplace or other settings.
This document is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, review or
criticism, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written
permission from CHEMWATCH. TEL (+61 3) 9572 4700.
Issue Date: 29-Jan-2010
Print Date: 15-Nov-2010
This is the end of the MSDS.